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For questions 1-8, read the text and choose the correct answer for each gap. Click on a gap and a choice of words will appear. Then choose the correct answer.
- The Great Outdoors
Camping tends to inspire polar reactions. Some people adore it, whereas others have the opposite opinion. If you fall into the second , you might be interested to know that there are many to camping. The most obvious of these is fresh air. When you are surrounded by trees, the air you breathe is much cleaner. Improved respiration in lower stress levels and can boost your immune system.
Camping is also an easy way to keep fit. Even if all you do is walk in the woods, you are to burn calories. By spending an afternoon fishing or canoeing, you will get even more of a workout. Putting up your tent and carrying your rucksack are also of exercise.
Finally, spending time in nature is an excellent way to socialise. Every camping trip is different, that you will take home memories of a unique experience. Alternately, if you go camping alone, you will have time to relax and reflect. In the world, the value of this type of downtime is .
Read the text. Think of the word which best fits each gap. Write the correct word in each gap (9 – 16).
- Online Shopping
Online shopping has really taken off in recent years. In the past, many people felt uncomfortable at the prospect of buying things over the Internet. They worried that their personal information could get stolen, or that seemingly legitimate websites would turn out to be fake. Little little, people came to feel at with the practice. Today, many people recognise online shopping a highly convenient service. If you can buy everything you need from the comfort of your home, why force yourself to deal crowds and long queues in the high street?
convenience, another important consideration is cost. More often not, online retailers offer lower prices than high street shops. During the holidays, people are especially keen to find bargains, there is a surge in online trade. It is sometimes said that one day people will do all of their shopping on the Internet and traditional shops will no exist. This may not be true, but it does seem certain that, in the future, regular shops will find it much more difficult to compete.
Read the text. For questions 17 – 24, use the word on the right to form a word that fits in the gap. For each question, write your answer in the gap.
Secondhand Bookstores Keyword List The feeling of walking into a secondhand bookstore is unlike any other. These shops are very cosy, with a warm and atmosphere. They tend to be quiet and peaceful. They are dimly lit, because bright lights can harm the merchandise. These characteristics make you feel at home right away. It's wonderful to be surrounded by volumes from previous times, never quite knowing what you will find.
Inside, you are free to wander alone through the dusty shelves. It is highly to lose yourself in your as you browse. Alternately, if you are looking for something specific, there is usually a helpful shop who can answer your questions. Staff members are knowledgeable about a wide range of topics, and can help you find quickly and easily.
At many secondhand bookstores there is also the to exchange books you no longer want. Therefore, in addition to their other benefits, when you visit you do not necessarily need to spend a lot of money.
For questions 25 – 30, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.
- 25 She can’t lend you the book because it doesn’t belong to her.
The book , so she can’t.
26 I don’t care what you do.
As you can do what you like.
27 It is quite pointless to stand by when you see something going wrong.
There isn’t by when you see something going wrong.
28 Because it snowed heavily last night, all the shops are closed today.
All the shops are closed today that it snowed heavily last night.
29 You can’t bring food into this room.
You food into this room.
30 Although the food wasn’t the best, we still had a really nice evening.
We had a really nice evening, the food not being the best.
You are going to read a story about a chess player. For each question 31 – 36, choose the correct answer.
The Chess Club
When I was a child, every afternoon followed a predictable routine. When the clock struck four, my father would retrieve a tattered wooden box from the cupboard. It was covered in scratches and dents, and had clearly been much loved over the years. He would place the box on the coffee table in our living room and would, for a brief moment, allow his palm to rest on its chequered surface. Finally, he would open the golden latch and reveal the shiny pieces within. It was time for his daily chess game with our elderly neighbour, Henrick.
A few moments later the doorbell would ring, and Henrick would step into the room. Henrick was usually smiling. He adored chess; these matches were a highlight of his day. In my earliest memories, Henrick was able to walk unaccompanied. He would stride across the living room confidently before settling himself in at the table. With the passage of time he lost much of his strength, and came to rely on my father to steady him. But even when his physical condition weakened, mentally he remained sharp. He could plan four or five moves ahead and nearly always finished victorious.
It was Henrick who suggested that I learn to play the game. I didn't have much confidence as a child, perhaps due to my shyness and the mediocre marks I brought home from school. My father agreed that chess might suit me, and it was decided that they would give me my first lesson. "The King is the most important piece," Henrick explained, "but the Queen is the most powerful." My father went on to describe how the other pieces moved. Right away, I decided that my favourite was the Knight. I loved how it could jump over other pieces and catch them unawares.
Once I learned the rules, Henrick and my father began challenging me to matches. After their daily game, they would set up the pieces in preparation for a new battle. At least, that's how I thought of chess. For me, as for so many other players, it was more than just a game. It was as if the pieces truly were warring armies, and their conflict had a meaning that extended far beyond the four corners of the board. It didn't matter that I lost every match for my first six months as I was relishing the thought of how many years it would take me to master this game.
Chess is said to have many benefits, such as building problem-solving skills and teaching patience. Henrick believed that the game required a creative, and sometimes unorthodox, mind to win, and he brought this perspective to each game. I loved playing chess with my father, but matches with Henrick were on another level. I came to see him as an artist, and the board a kind of canvas. The first time I won a game against him I was so surprised that I fell out of my chair. My father came over to look at my work and smiled approvingly. "Beautiful," he said. Henrick agreed. I didn't feel proud that I had won, just pleased to have assimilated some of my teacher's skill.
Chess made me a more focused and attentive student, as Henrick and my father had hoped. More importantly, the afternoons I spent playing taught me that there were other things in life, besides chess, that I could also learn to do. There is no greater gift you can give to another person than this, which Henrick and my father gave to me. If someone else believes in you, you can't help but believe in yourself. Years later, when it came time for me to choose a career, I had this lesson in mind. As my father and I were setting up to play a match, I announced my decision to become a teacher. He supported my choice enthusiastically. Henrick had since passed away, but we felt that he would have agreed too. Not long after, I accepted a position at our local primary school, and founded the school's very first chess club.
31. What does the first paragraph suggest about the narrator's father?
32. What is the meaning of the word "sharp" at the end of paragraph 2?
33. Why was it decided that the narrator should learn to play chess?
34. How did the narrator feel when he first began learning the game?
35. Why does the narrator describe Henrick as an artist?
36. What is the narrator's main purpose in the last paragraph of the text?
You are going to read a story about someone who receives a letter. Six sentences have been removed from the article. For questions 37 – 42, choose the correct sentence and move it into the gap. There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.
An Unexpected Invitation
There are few things in life that bring me more joy than receiving letters in the post. I've always had a fondness for handwritten notes, and in this age of rapid-fire digital communication my appreciation for them has only grown. Examining it, I had no idea who it could be from. There was no return address, and I didn't recognise the delicate lettering.
Sitting down at my coffee table, I gently tore open the envelope. To my surprise, the enclosed card was a wedding invitation. An old friend from university, Ravi, was inviting me to attend his marriage in India. It had been six years since we had last seen each other. Ravi is from a city in northern India called Lucknow, and attended university in England as an international student. After graduation, he returned home to take up a position with a technology start-up.
Looking at the card, I felt incredibly humbled that I had been invited to share in such an important moment in his life. I made up my mind right away that, no matter what, I would be there to celebrate with him. After writing back to accept, I set about looking for flights. I was fortunate to find a decent fare without too much trouble, and that very evening I booked my tickets. Putting in for my visa was slightly more complicated, but I was able to do it in the end. Before bed I dashed off a series of emails to some of our other friends. We'd often talked about travelling to India, and now it seemed we might actually make the trip.
The following morning when I checked my messages, I had no fewer than eight responses to the emails I had sent. Each and every member of our friend circle was planning on attending the ceremony. Ravi said he was very much looking forward to seeing us, and that his fiancée, Prisha, would be thrilled to meet the friends she had heard so much about. Several people suggested that, in addition to visiting Lucknow, we ought to journey to several other cities in northern India. I'd always dreamed of seeing the Taj Mahal, and visiting nearby Agra seemed feasible. As the wedding would take place in the summer, another possibility would be to spend a few days at a hill station in the Himalayas.
Planning the trip inspired a strange combination of excitement and nostalgia. The previous few years had gone by very quickly, and I realised that I didn't have much to show for them. I hadn't had a conversation of that nature in quite some time. Instead, the exuberance of my early twenties had been tempered by the drudgery of working life. Thus, that small orange envelope brought about many changes for me. It inspired me to reach out to my old friends, who in turn reminded me that there is more to life than my career. Next week, when we're toasting Ravi's marriage, I'll try to explain all of this to them. Perhaps some of them might even feel the same.
- I gave a lot of thought as to what I should wear to the wedding.
- How wonderful it would be if we were able to attend the wedding together.
- Originally we had kept in good touch, but gradually our correspondence had grown more infrequent.
- That's why I was delighted to open my letterbox on a brisk afternoon last autumn and find a bright orange envelope made out with my name.
- I was enthusiastic about that proposal.
- As I read the details, my mind was flooded with long-lost memories.
- My friends and I used to stay up until all hours, discussing both weighty and cheerful matters with an energy that only young people understand.
Read the teachers' descriptions of their jobs. For questions 43 – 52, choose the correct section. The sections may be chosen more than once.
Careers in Teaching
A. Naomi Thompson, Primary School Teacher
I always knew that I wanted to be a teacher. When I was a child, I used to arrange my bedroom to look like a classroom and would "teach" lessons to my siblings and friends. At university I completed a qualification focusing on early childhood education, and when I graduated I found a job easily. I worked at a small primary school in Dorset for two years, which I loved. Sadly, since then I've had to change schools. My partner and I moved to London a few years ago, so I had to get a new job. I currently teach at a large, impersonal school in a rundown area. The school doesn't have a lot of resources and it's not uncommon for my students to be dealing with problems at home. That combination means that each day is a challenge. I want to stay in teaching, but soon I'll probably look for a different position.
B. Jack Palmer, Foreign Language Teacher
For many years, I worked for a financial services firm in London. It was a high-pressure environment and 60-hour workweeks were the norm. It wasn't unusual for me to have dinner at my desk, and more than once I had to cancel holidays I had booked. Eventually, I came to the conclusion that I wanted more free time. A friend suggested that I consider teaching. The prospect of having the summer off each year was appealing, so I decided to look into it. I had studied a dual-degree in French and Spanish, so I figured I could probably work as a foreign language teacher. My intuition proved correct, and I was hired by a local secondary school right away. These days, in addition to teaching, I also coordinate my school's study abroad program. That means I get to spend a few weeks each term exploring small towns in France and Spain, all paid for by my job.
C. John Collins, Piano Teacher
Music has always been a big part of my life. I trained as a concert pianist, and made a living playing in shows all over the world. As far as I'm concerned, there is no greater joy than performing before a live audience. At the end of a show, listening to the audience's applause, I always used to feel that I had accomplished something truly important. I would have liked to go on performing forever, but it wasn't meant to be. As I got older, all that travelling got to be a bit much. However, I wasn't ready to retire, so I had a think about what else I might do. I came up with the idea of offering private piano lessons to neighbourhood children. So far, it's worked out well. I wasn't expecting to get so much enjoyment out of teaching. The job tests my patience at times, but it's very fulfilling to see my students make progress. Next week one of my students is playing her first show, and I'm looking forward to being in the audience.
D. Emma Somerfield, University Lecturer
I'm a faculty member in the economics department of a top university. I feel lucky to have landed the position because academia can be very competitive. I'm also fortunate in that I get along well with my colleagues. It is sometimes said that university teaching can be a bit cut throat, but that hasn't been my experience. Everyone is very supportive of each other and we often collaborate on research. The only downside is that some of my students aren't very hardworking. I would have thought they'd be brimming over with enthusiasm for the material. Instead, they often show up late for lectures or spend half the class on their mobile phones. Still, I can't really complain, as that's the only issue I have with the job. I'll certainly stay in the position for the next few years, if not longer.
43. has the chance to travel every couple of months?
44. explains that their students are not very motivated?
45. is planning to look for a new job in the near future?
46. became a teacher so that they could work fewer hours?
47. suggests that they may remain in the same job long term?
48. enjoys teaching more than they were expecting to?
49. always knew that they wanted to work in education?
50. has a good relationship with the people they work with?
51. says it is gratifying to see their students acquire new skills?
52. is dissatisfied with their current work situation?